Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder where a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsession) and behaviours (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over. This can negatively interferes with aspects of normal life such as relationship and work.
About Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive compulsive disorder, also called as OCD is a mental disorder where a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviours (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over. This can negatively interfere with aspects of normal life such as relationship and work.
Obsessive compulsive disorder affects about 2.3% of people at some point in their life. In Singapore, according to a population based study of mental disorder1, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects about 3% of the population.
Symptoms of Obsessive compulsive disorder
People with OCD may have obsession or compulsion or both. They have certain thoughts and / or feel the need to check things, perform certain routines (called “rituals”) repeatedly. They are unable to control either their thoughts or actions to such a degree that his or her daily life is negatively affected.
Common activities include, repeated and excessive hand washing, counting of things, arranging things in a certain order, and checking to see if a door is locked. Some may have difficulty throwing things away.
It is unusual for symptoms to begin after the age of thirty-five and half of people develop problems before twenty.
Some individuals with OCD also have a tic disorder. Motor tics are sudden, brief, repetitive movements, such as eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, and head or shoulder jerking. Common vocal tics include repetitive throat-clearing, sniffing, or grunting sounds.
Diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive disorder
The diagnosis is based on the symptoms and requires ruling out other drug related or medical causes.
Treatment for Obsessive compulsive disorder in Singapore
Treatment for OCD involves the use of Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and sometime medication. This involves increasing exposure to what causes the problems while not allowing the repetitive behaviour to occur.
At Psynaptica in Singapore, our psychologists provide psychotherapy for treating obsessive compulsive disorder.
Please feel free to contact us by calling us on 6779 0660. You may also send us a message or booking an appointment with our psychologist online.
1 Population-based Study of Mental Disorder—Siow Ann Chong et al http://www.annals.edu.sg/pdf/41VolNo2Feb2012/V41N1p49.pdf